National Endometriosis Awareness Month: Does Endometriosis Affect Your Fertility?

What is endometriosis? Endometriosis is a disorder that affects the tissues that line the uterus (the endometrium). When endometriosis occurs, the endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus. It can grow into the ovaries, bowel and tissues lining of the pelvis, which can cause severe pain and discomfort and ultimately lead to significant fertility issues. In women with endometriosis, the overgrown endometrial tissue continues to behave as it usually would, breaking down and bleeding with each menstrual cycle. Because this tissue has no way to leave the body, it becomes trapped, leading to many complications. When endometriosis spreads to the
Read More

Zika Virus: What You Need to Know

What is the Zika virus? The Zika virus is a virus that can be spread by a certain breed of mosquitoes, called Aedes aegypti, found throughout North, Central, and South America. When a pregnant woman becomes infected with the virus, it can lead to the development of microcephaly in the unborn child. Microcephaly is the medical term for a small head and underdeveloped brain, which causes significant problems for the child, potentially including death. The increase in Zika virus cases Since 2015, the rise of the Zika virus has been staggering, with more than 4,000 new microcephaly cases that were
Read More

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Fertility

What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects more than three million women of reproductive age every year. PCOS is characterized by enlarged ovaries that contain small collections of fluid-filled follicles or cysts in each ovary. Women with PCOS are more likely to have fertility difficulties, miscarriages, gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced high blood pressure and premature delivery. PCOS is often detected during an ultrasound exam, but its exact cause is still unknown. Signs and symptoms associated with PCOS PCOS can exhibit many different signs. Some of the most common symptoms include: Irregular or absent menstrual periods Heavy vaginal
Read More

Factors That Affect Fertility

Most people know that our fertility decreases as we get older. But there are many other factors to consider, as well. If you’re planning for a family in the future, it’s important to understand your fertility, the factors that affect it, and what you can do to increase your chances of conceiving. Factors that affect female fertility There are many factors that can affect female fertility. Some factors, like lifestyle choices, are easier to control. Others, like certain medical conditions, may be harder to manage. These factors include: Ovulation disorders Age Endometriosis (uterine tissue growing outside the uterus) Surgeries or
Read More

Understanding Fertility Medication

If you have been struggling to conceive, fertility medications and treatments can increase your chances of conception. Fertility medications are typically the first treatment option for women with ovulation disorders. These medications can be administered orally or injected. Fertility medications aid in releasing certain hormones that activate and/or regulate ovulation. As such, they are a crucial and necessary component of fertility treatments, even with assisted reproductive technology like in vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination. Oral medications for infertility Clomid (clomiphene citrate) has been used to effectively stimulate ovulation for over 40 years in women who have trouble ovulating normally. Clomid
Read More

Are You a Candidate for IVF?

What is IVF? IVF (in vitro fertilization) is one of the most effective forms of assisted reproductive technology used to treat fertility or genetic problems and to assist with conception. IVF is performed when mature eggs are retrieved from the ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab, creating an embryo. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then implanted into the uterus. Why is IVF done? There are many reasons to undergo IVF. When treating infertility, your doctor may recommend less invasive treatments like intrauterine insemination first. IVF is often an option for individuals who have disorders like: Fallopian tube damage
Read More

Is Egg Freezing for You?

What is egg freezing? Egg freezing, also referred to as mature oocyte cryopreservation, is an approach used to preserve a woman’s reproductive future. To freeze a female’s eggs, the unfertilized eggs are first collected from the ovaries, then frozen and reserved for later use. When a woman is ready to conceive, her frozen egg can be thawed, combined with sperm in a lab, and implanted in the uterus. Who is a candidate for egg freezing? Egg freezing is an option for women whose circumstances make her unable or not ready to become pregnant, but who would like to conceive in
Read More

Planning for Pregnancy: Preconception Tips

Planning for pregnancy means more than simply setting up your gift registry. The decision to have a child is life changing, and preconception planning is important to a successful pregnancy and delivery. See your doctor It’s important to make sure you discuss with your doctor your health history and any medical conditions you currently have or have had in the past, as this can sometimes affect your pregnancy and chances of conception. It’s important to discuss any previous issues with pregnancy, such as miscarriage or ectopic pregnancies. Be sure to address current medications, important vaccinations and lifestyle choices that could
Read More

Tips to Boost Your Fertility

Conceiving is not always as easy as some expect it to be, but there are a few things you can do to start enhancing your fertility. Sometimes, simple lifestyle changes can boost your fertility enough to conceive. Below are some helpful tips. Maintain a healthy weight If you’re looking to conceive, it’s important to maintain a healthy body weight. Whether it be underweight or overweight, unhealthy body weight can delay the time it takes for conception to occur. Women who are underweight can take four times as long to get pregnant than women who are a normal weight. Excess weight
Read More

When is PGS Right For You?

Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) is a screening performed on each embryo to identify aneuploid embryos. Aneuploid embryos are embryos that do not have the correct number of chromosomes, whether it be too few or too many. An aneuploidy is the most common cause for a transferred embryo to be unsuccessful. What does PGS test for? PGS examines all chromosomes, including the sex chromosomes. Things we can recognize: Chromosomal duplications – An extra copy of chromosomes can result in conditions like down syndrome Chromosomal deletions – Missing copies of chromosomes Sex-chromosome abnormalities – Duplications or deletions of X and Y chromosomes
Read More